Ancient Egyptian Medicine

The sick in Ancient Egypt were treated by many different people. Some of these healers were:
  • wives
  • priests
  • the goddess of war - Sekhmet
  • specialist doctors
  • physicians

Their knowledge of how to treat the sick was passed on through writings on scrolls, writings on walls (hyrogliphics) and in books.

Mummification was used in two ways:
  1. to learn the anatomy (what the body parts were and where in the body they were situated) of the human body and
  2. to help send the person being mummified into the afterlife

external image anubis_mummification.jpg

Bodies were mummified by removing all of the organs, except for the heart, through the front of the body after the front being cut open. The brain would be hooked through the nose. The bodies would then be treated with spices (so they wouldn't smell bad) and then wrapped in bandages into a mummy. The anatomy of the body (parts of the body and where in the body they are situated) could be learnt from mummification. Although the organs were removed from the body, the Egyptians weren't allowed to dissect them as they were needed whole for the person to go into the afterlife. Also, they needed to preserve the body as quick as possible, therefore not giving them enough time to dissect organs because the heart was unbearable. This prevented the Ancient Egyptians from learning the physiology (how the body parts work) of the human body.

external image AmenhotepIIcoffin.jpg external image mummy.jpg An Ancient Egyptian mummy

The rich dead eg: Tutankhamun would be put into a tomb in the pyramids at Giza, near Cairo. Some still remain today.

external image giza-2small.jpg external image 1337~Tutenkhamun-18th-Dynasty-Posters.jpg

For more information on mummification and Ancient Egyptian Medicine, click the following link: A history of Egyptian medicine or More history of Egyptian medicine.
by Owen L