California Gold Rush:

Definition of the California gold rush:

"The California Gold Rush (1848 – 1855) started in January 1848, when gold was discovered at Sutter's sawmill. As news of the discovery spread, some 300,000 people came to California from the rest of the United States and abroad." (Definition taken from wikipedia)

The california gold rush started with james marshall in 1848, he was searching for rocks and other minerals when he came across a golden rock. He dug it out of the ground and found it was a lump of solid gold. This started a craze, people from all over came to find riches and fame.
- tomhav tomhav Feb 7, 2007

external image 520px-Panning_on_the_Mokelumne.jpg

New gold mining Techniques

Gold panning is a mostly historical, manual technique of sorting gold. Wide, shallow pans are filled with sand and gravel that may contain gold. Water is added and the pans are shaken, sorting the gold from the rock and other material. Gold being much denser than rock, quickly settles to the bottom of the pan. The gravel is usually removed from streambeds, often at a bend in the stream, or resting on the bedrock bed of the stream, where the weight of gold causes it to settle out of the water flow. This type of gold found in streams or dry streams are called placer deposits.
Gold panning is the easiest technique for searching for gold, but is not commercially viable nowadays except where labor costs are very low and or gold traces are very substantial. It is often marketed as a tourist attraction on former goldfields.

- joelm joelm Feb 7, 2007

By Tom and Joel

Where the Miners went

The Miners went all over the world to mine for gold and here is where they went
1. Central California
2. Viriginia City
3. USA
4. Sacramento
5. Colorado
6. Nevada
7. South Dakota
8. Idaho
9. Montana
10. Black hills
11. Cripple Creek
12. Arizona

John Stutter

John Sutter was a Swiss emigrant who arrived in California in 1839. He became a Mexican citizen and received a land grant of 50,000 acres in Sacramento Valley.
He built Sutter's Fort at the site of present day Sacramento. At Sutter's Fort he developed farming and other businesses. Sutter's Fort became a rest station for travelers and immigrants to California.
external image SuttersFort.gif
Sutter was afraid that the discovery of gold would take his workers away from the fields. He was also concerned that gold would bring prospectors onto his land. He asked Marshall and the others working at the mill to keep the gold a secret.
But word got out! By late 1848, word had spread across the country. On December 5, 1848, President James Polk speaking to Congress confirmed accounts of gold. The discovery of gold in California became national news.

external image SuttersMill.gif
by tasha f

Why the miners went to look for gold

The miners went to look for gold so they could become rich quicker and to claim as much gold as possible and to get quite alot of fortune for their familes and to give their families a better quality of life and to lead a better life than they have got so far. Also so they could have an adventure and get to the chance to go to different countries and to get a prospect of life.